The sun bear Helarctos malayanus is a bear species occurring in tropical forest habitats of Southeast Asia. It is classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List as the large-scale deforestation that has occurred throughout Southeast Asia over the past three "Asian Sun Bear" has dramatically reduced suitable habitat for the sun bear.
The Malayan sun bear is also known as the " honey bear ", which refers to its voracious appetite for honeycombs and honey.
The sun bear's fur is usually jet-black, short, and sleek with some under-wool; some Asian Sun Bear sun bears are reddish or gray. A crest is seen on the sides of the neck and a whorl occurs in the centre of the breast patch. Always, a more Asian Sun Bear less crescent-shaped pale patch is found on the breast that varies individually in colour ranging from buff, cream, or dirty white to ochreous.
The skin is naked on the upper lip. The tongue is long and protrusible. The ears are small and round, broad at the base, and capable of very little movement.
The front legs are somewhat bowed with the paws turned inwards, and the claws are cream. The sun bear is the smallest of the bear species.
Their muzzles are short and light-coloured, and in most cases, the white area extends above the eyes. Their paws are large, and the soles are fur-less, which is thought to be an adaptation for climbing trees. Their claws Asian Sun Bear large, curved, and pointed.
The overall morphology of this bear inward-turned front feet, ventrally flattened chest, powerful forelimbs with large claws indicates adaptation for extensive climbing.
They now occur very patchily through much of their former range, and have been extirpated from many areas, especially in mainland Southeast Asia. Their current distribution in eastern Myanmar and most of Yunnan is unknown. Helarctos anmamiticus described by Pierre Marie Heude in from Annam is not considered a distinct speciesbut is subordinated junior synonym to H.
As sun bears occur in tropical regions with year-round available foods, they do not hibernate. Except for females with their offspring, they are usually solitary. Bedding sites consist mainly of fallen hollow logs, but they also rest in standing trees with cavities, in cavities underneath fallen logs or tree roots, and in tree branches high above the ground.
In captivity, they exhibit social behavior, and sleep mostly during day. Sun bears are known as very fierce animals when surprised in the forest. Beesbeehivesand honey are important food items of sun bears. They have been observed eating fruits from the durian species Durio Asian Sun Bear. Sun bear scats collected in a forest reserve in Sabah contained mainly invertebrates such as beetles and their larvae, termites, and ants, followed by fruits and vertebrates.
They open decayed wood in search of termites, beetle larvae, and earthwormsand use their claws and teeth to break the standing termite mound into a few pieces. They quickly lick and suck the contents from the exposed mound, and also hold pieces of the broken mound with their front paws, while licking the termites from the surface of the mound. They consume figs in large amounts and eat them whole.
Vertebrates consumed comprise birdseggsreptiles"Asian Sun Bear"deer and several unidentified small vertebrates. They can crack open nuts with their powerful jaws. Much of their food must be detected using their keen sense of smell. Females are observed to mate at about 3 years of age.
During time of mating, the sun bear shows behaviours such as Asian Sun Bear, mock fighting, and head bobbing with its mate.
Gestation has been reported at 95 and days. Initially, they are totally dependent on their mothers, and suckle for about 18 months.
After one to three months, the young can run, play, and forage near their mothers. They reach sexual maturity after 3—4 years, and may live up to 30 years in captivity. The two major threats to sun bears are habitat loss and commercial hunting. These threats are not evenly distributed throughout their range.
In areas where deforestation is actively occurring, they are mainly threatened by the loss of forest habitat and forest degradation arising from clear-cutting Asian Sun Bear plantation development, unsustainable logging practices, illegal logging both within and outside protected areas, and forest fires. The main predator of sun bears throughout its range by far
Asian Sun Bear man. Commercial poaching of bears for the wildlife trade is a considerable threat in most countries.
During surveys in Kalimantan between andinterviewees admitted to hunting sun bears and indicated that sun bear meat is eaten by indigenous people in several areas in Kalimantan. High consumption of bear parts was reported to occur where Japanese or Korean expatriate employees of timber companies created a temporary demand. Several confiscated sun bears indicated that live bears are also in Asian Sun Bear for the pet trade.
Sun bears are among the three primary bear species specifically targeted for the bear bile trade in Southeast Asia, and are kept in bear farms in Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar. Bear bile products include raw bile sold in vials, gall bladder by the gram or in "Asian Sun Bear" form, flakes, powder and pills. The commercial production of bear bile from bear farming has turned bile from a purely traditional medicinal ingredient to a commodity with bile now found in non-TCM products like cough drops, shampoo, and soft drinks.
Tigers and other large cats are potential predators. Bickmore described a case in which a tiger-sun bear interaction resulted in a prolonged altercation and in the death both animals. The python possibly had come across the sleeping bear. Other predators on mainland Southeast Asia and Sumatra could be the leopard and the clouded leopardalthough the latter could be too small to kill an adult sun bear. Killing of sun bears is strictly prohibited under national wildlife protection laws throughout their range.
However, little enforcement of these laws occurs. The Malayan sun bear is part of an international captive-breeding program and has a Species Survival Plan under the Association of Zoos and Aquariums since late Comprehensive research about sun bear conservation and rehabilitation is the mission of the Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Centre in SandakanSabahfounded in by wildlife biologist Wong Siew Te.
Malayan sun bear at the Columbus Zoo. From
Asian Sun Bear, the free encyclopedia. For the author also known as Sun Bear, see Sun Bear author. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Kurusapha Ladprao Press, Bangkok. Sun Bear Conservation Action Plan". The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Taylor and Francis, London. Bears, Majestic Creatures of the Wild.
Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania.
Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian mammals to British Museum of Natural History, London. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Borneo Sun Bear Conservation Center. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. The ecology of Kalimantan, Indonesia Borneo. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong.
PhD dissertation, College, Cambridge. Sun Bear Fact Sheet. Human imposed threats to sun bears in Borneo. Pills, Powders, Asian Sun Bear and Flakes: Travels in the East Asian Archipelago. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Archived from the original PDF on European Association of Zoos and Aquaria, Amsterdam. African palm civet N. Angolan slender mongoose G. Ethiopian dwarf mongoose H. Small-toothed palm civet A. Sulawesi palm civet M.
Masked palm civet P. Golden wet-zone palm civet P. Owston's palm civet C. Hose's palm civet D. Banded palm civet H. Malabar large-spotted civet V. Small Indian civet V. Broad-striped Malagasy mongoose G. American black bear U. Molina's hog-nosed skunk C. Sunda stink badger M.
Southern spotted skunk S. A sun bear photographed at Miller Park Zoo in Bloomington, Illinois See how the small sun bear, native to southeast Asia, is struggling to survive amid. The sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is a bear species occurring in tropical forest habitats of Southeast Asia.
It is classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Sun Bear - the tree bear of Asia is born with a honey bib. Sun bears don't actually enjoy the sun at all!, they are nocturnal and sleep the daylight hours away.
- Getting to know Asia's unique bear species | Natural World | Earth Touch News
- Southeast Asia and East Asia are home to three bear species: 1) the sloth bear of the Indian subcontinent; 2) sun bears (also known as Malayan bears) of. These animals live in wooded areas of Southeast Asia. Strong and agile, sun bears are good at climbing trees. They spend a lot of time in tree canopies and.
- A sun bear photographed at Miller Park Zoo in Bloomington, Illinois See how the small sun bear, native to southeast Asia, is struggling to survive amid. The Sun Bear was formerly widespread in the lowland forests of South East Asia. However, it has mostly disappeared in recent decades from most of its former.
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Can you get her back if she got scared of by the L bomb?Southeast Asia and East Asia are home to three bear species: 1) the sloth bear of the Indian subcontinent; 2) sun bears (also known as Malayan bears) of. The sun bear, named for the yellow crescent marking on its chest that looks a little like a rising sun, is the smallest of the bear species. All about..
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Concede your laddie a planet. Your subsistence will hand us body a coming where humans live in harmony with nature. The WWF is run at a townswoman level sooner than the following offices Too known as the honey bear proper for its attraction of honey, the Bric-�-brac Bear is the smallest, least famed and possibly man of the rarest of all the bear species.
Sun merit Helarctos Malayanus.
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