The Hausa autonyms for singular: Bahaushe mBahaushiya f ; plural: Haoussa are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. The Hausa are a diverse but culturally homogeneous people based primarily in the Sahelian and Sudanian Daura area of northern Nigeria and southeastern Nigerwith significant numbers living in CameroonIvory CoastChadTogoGhana SudanGabon and "Hausa ladies." Predominantly Hausa-speaking communities are scattered throughout West Africa and on the traditional Hajj route north and east traversing the Saharawith an especially large population in and around the town of Hausa ladies. Other Hausa have also moved to large coastal cities in the region such as LagosPort HarcourtAccraAbidjanBanjul and Cotonou as well as to parts of North Africa such as Libya over the course of the last 5, years.
Most Hausa, however, live in small villages or towns in Africa, where they grow crops, raise livestock including cattle and engage in trade. They speak the Hausa languagean Afro-Asiatic language of the Chadic group. The Hausa aristocracy had historically developed an equestrian based culture. The town predates all the other major Hausa towns in tradition and A table of Hausa ethnic population by country: Daurain northern Nigeriais the oldest city of Hausaland.
The Hausa of Sokotoalso in northern Nigeria, speak the oldest surviving classical vernacular of the language. Migrants from these areas introduced various Africanised Islamic teachings to
Hausa ladies Hausa by the 14th century, although Islam itself had a presence in Hausaland as early as the 11th century among the ruling class. All of these various ethnic groups among and around the Hausa live in the vast and open lands of the SahelSaharan and Sudanian regions, and as a result of the geography and the cross crossing network of traditional African trade routes, have influenced each other's cultures to varying degrees.
Today some Fula people cannot be distinguished from Hausa people in many northern states of Nigeria, due to inter-marriage and cultural assimilation. But the two groups differ in language, and preferred beasts of burden the Tuareg use Hausa ladieswhile Hausa ride horses. Other Hausa have mixed with ethnic groups such as the Yoruba and Shuwaincorporating Hausa ladies foods and style of dress into local Hausa customs, as well as heavily influencing the cultures of these groups.
This attitude toward Hausa ladies and cultural affiliation has enabled the Hausa to inhabit one of the largest geographic regions of non- Bantu ethnic groups in Africa. It is believed to be the product of an ancestral nation that branched to create the Hausa, GwariBiromKanuriNupe and Jukun peoples.
The Kwatarkwashi Culture or Sokoto Culture located to the North west of Nok is thought to be the same as or an earlier ancestor of the Nok. Nok's social system is thought to have been highly advanced.
Hausa ladies Nok culture is to be the earliest sub-Saharan producer of life-sized Terracotta. The refinement of this culture is attested to by the image of a Nok dignitary at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. The dignitary is portrayed wearing a "crooked baton" . The dignitary is also portrayed sitting with flared nostrils, and an open mouth suggesting performance.
Other images show figures on horseback, indicating that the Nok culture possessed the horse. Iron use, in smelting and forging for tools, appears in Nok culture in Africa at least by BC and possibly earlier. Christopher Ehret has suggested that iron smelting was independently discovered in the region prior to BC. In the 7th century, the Dala Hill in Kano was the site of a Hausa community that migrated from Gaya and engaged in iron-working.
The vast majority still practised Hausa Animism
Hausa ladies this time. The Hausa ladies Bakwai kingdoms were established around the 7th to 11th centuries. Of these, the Kingdom of Daura was the first, according to the Bayajidda Legend. The Hausa Kingdoms were independent political entities in what is now Northern Nigeria.
The Hausa city states emerged as southern terminals of the Trans-Saharan caravan trade. Like other cities such as Gao and Timbuktu in the Mali Empirethese city states became centres of long distance trade.
Hausa merchants in each of these cities collected trade items from domestic areas and from the rain forest region to the south through trade or raiding, processed and taxed them and then sent them north to cities along the Mediterranean. In fact the Hausa city state creation myth suggests that northern influence.
According to the Bayajidda Legend, the city states began when Bayajidda, a prince of Baghdadarrived in Daura the oldest of "Hausa ladies" Hausa city states and married the queen of the town. These 7 cities are known as the Hausa Bakwai which means Hausa 7.
Certainly trade influenced religion. By the 14th century, Islam was becoming widespread in Hausaland as Wangara scholars, scholars and traders from Mali and scholars and traders from Maghreb brought the religion with them. The architecture of the Hausa is perhaps one of the least known but most beautiful of the medieval age.
Many of their early mosques and palaces are bright and colourful, including intricate engraving or elaborate Hausa ladies designed into the facade. The ancient Kano city walls were built in order to provide security to the growing population.
The foundation for the Hausa ladies of the wall was laid by Sarki Gijimasu from - and was completed in the middle of the 14th century. In the 16th century, the walls were further extended to their present position. The gates are as old as the walls and were used to control movement of people in and out of the city. By the early 15th century the Hausa were using a modified Arabic script known as ajami to record their own language; the Hausa compiled several written histories, the most popular being the Kano Chronicle.
Many medieval Hausa manuscripts similar to the Timbuktu Manuscripts written in the Ajami script, have been discovered recently some of them even describe constellations and calendars. The Gobarau Minaret was built in the 15th century in Katsina. It is a foot edifice located in the centre of the city of Katsina, the capital of Katsina State.
The Gobarau minaret, a symbol of the state, is an early example of Islamic architecture in a city that prides itself as an important Islamic learning centre. The minaret is believed to be one of West Africa's first multi-storey buildings and was once the tallest building in Katsina. Al-Maghili was from the town of Tlemcen in present-day Algeria and taught for a while in Katsina, which had become a centre of learning at this time, when he visited "Hausa ladies" town in the late 15th century during the reign of Muhammadu Korau.
He and Korau discussed the idea of building a Hausa ladies to serve as a centre for spiritual and intellectual activities. The Gobarau mosque was designed and built to reflect the Timbuktu-style of architecture. It became an important centre for learning, attracting "Hausa ladies" and students from far and wide, and later served as a kind of university.
He reigned from until Kurmi Market is among the oldest and largest local markets in Africa. It used to serve as an international market where North African goods were exchanged for domestic goods through trans-Saharan trade. The legendary Queen Amina or Aminatu is believed to have ruled Zazzau between the 15th century and the 16th century for a period of 34 years.
Amina was 16 years old when her mother, Bakwa Turunku became queen and she was given the traditional title of Magajiyaan honorific borne by the daughters of monarchs.
She honed her military skills and became famous for her bravery and military exploits, as she is celebrated in song as "Amina, daughter of Nikatau, a woman as capable as a man. She subsequently built many of fortifications, which became known as ganuwar Amina or Amina's walls, around various conquered cities.
Sultan Muhammad Bello of Sokoto stated that, "She made war upon these countries and overcame them entirely so that the people of Katsina paid tribute to her and the men of Kano and Fromthe Fulanianother Islamic African ethnic group that spanned West Africa and shared the area with the Hausa, invaded the Hausa states, starting with Gobir under the leadership of Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio.
He declared Jihad on the traditional Habe dynasty kings for their alleged greed, paganism, injustices against the peasant class, use of heavy taxation and violation of the standards of Sharia law. The Fulani and Hausa cultural similarities as a Sahelian people however allowed for significant integration between the two groups.
When the Fulani took over the Hausa city-state of Kano during the expansion of the Sokoto Caliphate, the new emirs ended up speaking the Hausa language instead of Fulfulde over the years. Since the early 20th century, these peoples are often classified as " Hausa-Fulani " within Nigeria rather than as individuated groups. Hausa ladies fact a large number of Fulani living in Hausa regions cannot speak Fulfulde at all Hausa ladies speak Hausa as their first language.
Many Fulani in the region do not distinguish themselves from the Hausa, as they have long intermarried, they share the Islamic religion and many integrated into Hausa culture. British General Frederick Lugard used rivalries between many of the emirs in the south and the central Sokoto administration to prevent any defence as he worked toward the capital.
The Hausa ladies forces won, sending Attahiru I and thousands of followers on a Mahdist hijra. On 13 March at the grand market square of Sokoto, the last Vizier of the Caliphate officially conceded to British Rule. The area of the Sokoto Caliphate was divided among the control of the British, French, and Germans under the terms of their Berlin Conference. The British established the Northern Nigeria Hausa ladies to govern the region, which included most of the Sokoto empire and its most important emirates.
Because it was never connected with the railway network, it became economically and politically marginal. But, the Sultan of Sokoto continued to be regarded as an important Muslim spiritual and religious position; the lineage connection to dan Fodio has continued to be recognised.
He was known as a stabilising force in Nigerian politics, particularly in after the assassination of Ahmadu Bellothe Premier of Northern Nigeria. "Hausa ladies" the construction of the Nigerian railway systemwhich extended from Lagos in to Ibadan in and Kano inthe Hausa of northern Nigeria became major producers of groundnuts.
They surprised the British, who had expected the Hausa to turn to cotton production. However, the Hausa had sufficient agricultural expertise to realise cotton required more labour and the European prices offered for groundnuts were more attractive than those for cotton.
As a result, the European merchants in Kano had to stockpile sacks of groundnuts in the streets. The Boko script was imposed on the Hausa by the British and French colonial forces and made the official Hausa alphabet in The first boko was devised by Europeans in the early 19th century,  and developed in the early 20th century by the British mostly and French colonial authorities.
Since the s boko has been the main alphabet for Hausa. Today millions of Hausa-speaking people, who can read and write in Ajami only, are considered illiterates by the Nigerian government.
Inin a very controversial move, Ajami was removed from the new Naira banknote. Nevertheless, the Hausa remain preeminent in Niger and Northern Nigeria.
The remainder belong to various African paternal lineages: In terms of overall ancestry, an autosomal DNA study by Tishkoff et al. This suggests that the Hausa and other modern Chadic-speaking populations originally spoke Nilo-Saharan languagesbefore adopting languages from the Afroasiatic family after migration into that area thousands of years ago.
Our data suggest that this shift was not accompanied by large amounts of Afroasiatic16 gene flow. "Hausa ladies" Hausa language has more first-language speakers than any other African language. It has an estimated 25 million first-language Hausa ladies, and close to 50 million second-language speakers.
The main Hausa-speaking area is northern Nigeria and Niger. There are also large Hausa communities in every major African city in neighbourhoods called zango s or zongo s, meaning "camel-caravan camp" in Hausa denoting the trading post origins of these communities. Subscribe To This Channel And Share This Video With Your Friends Business Related: [email protected] Don't forget to: Follow Me. The Hausa are one of the Hausa ladies ethnic groups in Africa. The Hausa are a diverse but culturally .
A modern literary movement led by female Hausa writers has grown since the late s when writer Balaraba Ramat Yakubu came to. SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS Our channel is always ready to bring new videos to you. Website: sandisfield.info
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