Austin is the capital of the U. It is the 11th-most populous city in the United States and the 4th-most populous city in Texas. It is also the fastest growing large city in the United States,   the second most populous state capital after Phoenix, Arizona and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States. As of the U. Census Bureau 's August 1, estimate, Austin had a population of up fromat the census.
In the s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River. Inthe site was chosen to replace Houston as the capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name "Waterloo".
Shortly afterward, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austinthe "Father of Texas" and the republic's first secretary of state. The city grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin. Residents of Austin are known as Austinites. In recent years, some Austinites have adopted the unofficial slogan " Keep Austin Weird ",  which refers to the desire to protect small, unique, and local businesses from being overrun by large corporations.
Austin is known as a "clean-air city" for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all Online dating rituals of the american male travis places and buildings, including restaurants and bars.
The area's earliest known inhabitants lived during the late Pleistocene Ice Age and are linked to the Clovis culture around BC 11, years agobased on evidence found throughout the area and documented at the much-studied Gault Sitemidway between Georgetown and Fort Hood.
When settlers arrived from Europe, the Tonkawa tribe inhabited the area. The Comanches and Lipan Apaches were also known to travel through the area. Early in the 19th century, Spanish forts were established in what are now Bastrop and San Marcos. In —, Texans fought and won independence from Mexico. Texas thus became an independent country with its own president, congress, and monetary system. After Vice President Mirabeau B.
Lamar visited the area during a buffalo -hunting expedition between andhe proposed that the republic's capital, then in Houstonbe relocated to the area
Online dating rituals of the american male travis on the north bank of the Colorado River near the present-day Congress Avenue Bridge. Inthe Texas Congress formed a commission to seek a site for a new capital to be named for Stephen Online dating rituals of the american male travis. Lamar, second president of the newly formed Republic of Texas, advised the commissioners to investigate the area named Waterloo, noting the area's hills, waterways, and pleasant surroundings.
Edwin Waller was picked by Lamar to survey the village and draft a plan laying out the new capital. The block grid plan was bisected by a broad north-south thoroughfare, Congress Avenue, running up from the river to Capital Square, where the new Texas State Capitol was to be constructed.
A temporary one-story capitol was erected on the corner of Colorado and 8th Streets. On August 1,the first auction of out of lots total was held.
Travis County was established inand the surrounding counties were mostly established within the next two decades. Initially, the new capital thrived. But Lamar's political enemy, Sam Houstonused two Mexican army incursions to San Antonio as an excuse to move the government.
Sam Houston fought bitterly against Lamar's decision to establish the capital in such a remote Online dating rituals of the american male travis. The men and women who traveled mainly from Houston to conduct government business were intensely disappointed as well. Bythe population had risen toof whom nearly half fled from Austin when "Online dating rituals of the american male travis" recessed.
Upon threats of Mexican troops in Texas, Houston raided the Land Office to transfer all official documents to Houston for safe keeping in what was later known as the Archive Warbut the people of Austin would not allow this unaccompanied decision to be executed.
The documents stayed, but the capital would temporarily move from Austin to Houston to Washington-on-the-Brazos. Without the governmental body, Austin's population declined to a low of only a few hundred people throughout the early s. The voting by the fourth President of the Republic, Anson Jonesand Congress, who reconvened in Austin insettled the issue to keep Austin the seat of government, as well as annex the Republic of Texas into the United States.
The postwar period saw dramatic population and economic growth. In SeptemberAustin public schools held their first classes. The University of Texas held its first classes inalthough classes had been held in the original wooden state capitol for four years before. During the s, Austin gained new prominence as the state capitol building was completed in and claimed as the seventh largest building in the world. In the s and s, Austin launched a series of civic development and beautification projects that created much of the city's infrastructure and many of its parks.
These projects were enabled in large part because the Public Works Administration provided Austin with greater funding for municipal construction projects than other Texas cities. During the early twentieth century, a three-way system of social segregation emerged in Austin, with Anglos, African Americans and Mexicans being separated by custom or law in most aspects of life, including housing, health care, and education.
Many of the municipal improvement programs initiated during this period—such as the construction of new roads, schools, and hospitals—were deliberately designed to institutionalize this system of segregation. Deed restrictions also played an important role in residential segregation. After most housing deeds prohibited African Americans and sometimes other nonwhite groups from using land.
Inthe destroyed granite dam on the Colorado River was finally replaced by a hollow concrete dam  that formed Lake McDonald now called Lake Austin and which has withstood all floods since. The growth generated by this boom largely passed by Austin at first, with the city slipping from fourth largest to 10th largest in Texas between and After the midth century, Austin became established as one of Texas' major metropolitan centers. Inthe U.
Census Bureau reported Austin's population as The University of Texas at Austin emerged as a major university. The s saw Austin's emergence in the national music scene, with local artists such as Willie NelsonAsleep at the Wheeland Stevie Ray Vaughan and iconic music venues such as the Armadillo World Headquarters. Over time, the long-running television program Austin City Limitsits namesake Austin City Limits Festival, and the South by Southwest Online dating rituals of the american male travis festival solidified the city's place in the music industry.
Austin, the southernmost state capital of the contiguous 48 states, is located in Central Texas. Inthe city occupied a total area of Austin is situated at the foot of the Balcones Escarpmenton the Colorado Riverwith three artificial lakes within the city limits: Long that is partly used for cooling water for the Decker Power Plant. Mansfield Dam and the foot of Lake Travis are located within the city's limits.
The lakes also provide venues for boating, swimming, and other forms of recreation within several parks on the lake
Online dating rituals of the american male travis. Austin is located at the intersection of four major ecological regions, and is consequently a temperate-to-hot green oasis with a highly variable climate having some characteristics of the desert, the tropics, and a wetter climate.
The soils of Austin range from shallow, gravelly clay loams over limestone in the western outskirts to deep, fine sandy loams, silty clay loams, silty clays or clays in the city's eastern part. Some of the clays have pronounced shrink-swell properties and are difficult to work under most moisture conditions. Many of Austin's soils, especially the clay-rich types, are slightly to moderately alkaline and have free calcium carbonate. However, many new high-rise towers have been constructed since the s.
Downtown's buildings are somewhat spread out, partly due to a set of zoning restrictions that preserve the view of the Texas State Capitol from various locations around Austin, known as the Capitol View Corridors. At night, parts of Austin are lit by "artificial moonlight" from Moonlight Towers  built to illuminate the central part of the city. Only 15 of the 31 original innovative towers remain standing in Austin, and none remain in any of the other cities where they were installed.
The towers are featured in the film Dazed and Confused. The central business district of Austin is home to the tallest condo towers in the state, with the Independent 58 stories and feet metres tall and The Austonian topping out at 56 floors and feet metres tall.
The Independent will replace The Austonian as the tallest all-residential building in the U. Inthen-Mayor Will Wynn set out a goal of having 25, people living Downtown by Sixteen of those are set to rise above feet metres tall, including four above ', and eight above '. An additional 15 towers are slated to stand between ' and ' tall. Downtown growth has been aided by the presence of a popular live music and nightlife scene, museums, restaurants, and Lady Bird Lake, considered one of the city's best recreational spots.
The 2nd Street District consists of several new residential projects, restaurants, upscale boutiques and other entertainment venues, as well as Austin's City Hall. Austin is located within the middle of a unique and narrow transitional zone between the dry deserts of the American Southwest and the lush, green, more humid regions of the American Southeast.
Its climate, topography, and vegetation share characteristics of both. This climate is typified by very long, hot summers; short, mild winters; and warm transitional seasons in between. Sunshine is abundant during all seasons, with 2, hours, or It is common for a lengthy series of warm, dry, low-humidity days to be occasionally interrupted by very warm and humid days, and vice versa.
Humidity rises with winds from the east or southeast, when the air drifts inland from the Gulf of Mexicobut decreases significantly with winds from the west or southwest, bringing air flowing from Chihuahuan Desert areas of West Texas or northern Mexico. Winters in Austin are mild with cool nights. Lows in the upper 30s also occur commonly during the winter.
Conversely, winter months are also capable of occasionally producing warm days. Roughly every two years Austin experiences an ice storm that freezes roads over and cripples travel in the city for 24 to 48 hours. Typical of Central Texassevere weather in Austin a threat that can strike during any season.
However, it is most common during the spring. According to most classifications, Austin lies within the extreme southern periphery of Tornado Alleyalthough many sources place Austin outside of Tornado Alley altogether.
From October through Septemberboth major reporting stations in Austin, Camp Mabry and Bergstrom Int'l, had the least rainfall of a water year on record, receiving less than a third of normal precipitation.
David Brown, a regional official with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has explained that "these kinds of droughts will have effects that are even more extreme in the future, given a warming and drying regional climate. According to the United States Census the racial composition of Austin is At the United States Census Online dating rituals of the american male travis,  there werepeople,households, andfamilies residing in the city roughly comparable in size to San Francisco, Leeds, UK ; and Ottawa, OntarioCanada.
The population density was 2, There werehousing units at an average density of 1, There werehouseholds out of which The average household size was 2.
In the city, the population was spread out with Vikings star Travis Fimmel has exactly three possessions: his trailer, his pickup I'd been told to meet the Australian actor Travis Fimmel, best known for his role as “Just the stunt boys. Filed To: Celebrities / Culture / Adventure About Us · Ads · Careers · Subscribe · Affiliate Links · RSS · Site Feedback.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions. The men and women who traveled mainly from Houston to conduct government business were intensely disappointed as well. Bythe population had risen. With Travis Grenke, Caitlin Kazepis.
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