Central Park is the most visited urban park in the United States, with 40 million visitors inand one of the most filmed locations in the world. Construction began the same year, and the park's first area was opened to the public in the winter of Construction north of the park continued during the American Civil War in the s, and the park was expanded to its current size in After a period of decline in the early 20th century, Robert Moses started a program to clean up Central Park.
Another decline in the late 20th century spurred the creation of the Central Park Conservancy inwhich refurbished many parts of the park during the s and s. Central Park, which has been a National Historic Landmark sincewas designed by landscape architect and writer Frederick Law Olmsted and the English architect Calvert Vaux in after winning a design competition. They also designed Brooklyn 's Prospect Park.
Central Park constitutes its own United States census tractnumber
East meadow central park According to American Community Survey 5-year estimates, the park's population was five people, all female, with a median age of The park, which receives approximately 35 million visitors annually,  is the most visited urban park in the United States.
A report found that movies have used Central Park for on-location shoots, more than the movies that have filmed in Greenwich Village or the 99 movies that have filmed in Times Square. The park is maintained by the Central Park Conservancy, a private, not-for-profit organization that manages the park under a contract with the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation in which the president of the Conservancy is ex officio Administrator East meadow central park Central Park.
It effectively oversees the work of both the private and public employees under the authority of the Central Park administrator publicly appointedwho reports to the parks commissioner, conservancy's president. Insafety measures held the number of crimes in the park to fewer than one hundred per year down from approximately 1, annually in the early s.
There is an all-volunteer ambulance service, the Central Park Medical Unitthat provides free emergency medical service to patrons of Central Park and the surrounding streets. It operates a rapid-response bicycle patrol, particularly during major events such as the New York City Marathonthe Goodwill Gamesand concerts in the park. While planting and land form in much of the park appear natural, it is in fact almost entirely landscaped.
The park contains several natural-looking lakes and ponds that have been created artificially by damming natural seeps and flows. East meadow central park is a large area of woods in addition to seven major lawns, the "meadows",  and many minor grassy areas; some of them are used for informal or team sports and some set aside as quiet areas;
East meadow central park are a number of enclosed playgrounds for children.
The 6 miles 9. Between andNew York City nearly quadrupled in population. As the city expanded northward up Manhattan Island, people were drawn to the few existing open spaces, mainly cemeteries, to get away from the East meadow central park and chaotic life in the city.
The only remaining surveying bolt from his survey is embedded in a rock located north of the present Dairy and the 65th Street Transverse, and south of Center Drive. The bolt marks the location where West 65th Street would have intersected Sixth Avenue. New York City's need for a great public park was resounded by the famed poet and editor of the Evening Post now the New York PostWilliam Cullen Bryantas well as by the first American landscape architect, Andrew Jackson Downingwho predicted and began to publicize the city's need East meadow central park a public park in The state appointed a Central Park Commission to oversee the development of the park, and in the commission held a landscape design contest.
Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux developed what came to be known as the "Greensward Plan", which was selected as the winning design. Several influences came together in the design. The most influential innovations in the Central Park design were the "separate circulation" systems for pedestrians, horseback riders, and pleasure vehicles. The "crosstown" commercial traffic was entirely concealed in sunken roadways today called "transverses"screened with densely planted shrub belts so as to maintain a rustic ambiance.
Inthe land was occupied by free blacks and Irish immigrants who had purchased land, where they raised livestock, built churches and cemeteries, and had lived as a community for close to 50 years. Approximately 1, residents were evicted under the rule of eminent domain during Seneca Village and parts of the other communities were razed make room for the park.
During the park's construction, Olmsted battled with the park commissioners, many of them also politicians. Inhe was forced out for the first of many times as Central Park's superintendent, and Andrew Haswell Greenthe former president of New York City's Board of Education took over as the commission's chairman. Between andmost of the major hurdles to construction were overcome, and the park was substantially completed. Construction combined the modern with the ageless: The work was extensively documented with technical drawings and photographs.
When the park was officially completed inmore than 10 million cartloads of material had been transported out of the park, including soil and rocks, and more than four million trees, shrubs, and East meadow central park representing approximately 1, species were transplanted to the park.
More gunpowder was used to clear the area than was used at the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. A proposal to have ornate, European-style entrances to the park was opposed by Olmsted and Vaux, who intended for the park's unadorned entrances to signal "that all were welcome, regardless of rank or wealth. Sheep grazed on the Sheep Meadow from the s untilwhen they were moved to Prospect Park in Brooklyn and soon thereafter moved to a farm near Otisville, New Yorkin the Catskill Mountains.
Following completion, the park quickly slipped into decline. One of the main reasons for this was the lack of interest from the Tammany Hall political machine, which was the largest political force in New York at the time.
Around the turn of the 20th century, the park faced several new challenges. Cars were becoming commonplace, bringing with them their burden of pollution, and people's attitudes were beginning to change. No longer were parks to be used only for walks and picnics in an idyllic environment but also for sports and similar recreation. Following the dissolution of the Central Park Commission in and Andrew Green's departure from the project, and Vaux's death inthe maintenance effort gradually declined.
All of this changed inwhen Republican Fiorello La Guardia was elected mayor of New York City and unified the five park-related departments then in existence. Robert Moses was given the task of cleaning up the park. Moses, about to become one of the most powerful men in New York City, took over what was essentially a East meadow central park, a leftover from a bygone era.
Lawns, unseeded, were expanses of bare earth, decorated with scraggly patches of grass and weeds, that became dust holes in dry weather and mud holes in wet The once beautiful Mall looked like a scene of a wild party the morning after.
Benches lay on their backs, their legs jabbing at the sky Lawns and flowers were replanted, dead trees and bushes were replaced, walls were sandblasted, and bridges were repaired. The Greensward Plan ' s purpose of creating an idyllic landscape was combined with Moses' vision of a park to be used for recreational purposes: Moses managed to secure funds from the New Deal program, as well as donations from the public.
Skating in Central Parka movie by Frank S. Armitage, American Mutoscope and Biograph, Belvedere CastleCentral Park, built The s marked the beginning of an "Events Era" in Central Park that reflected the widespread cultural and political trends of the period.
During East meadow central park late s, the park became the venue for rallies and cultural events such as the " Love-ins " and " Be-Ins " of the period. Despite the increasing numbers of visitors to the park, Robert Moses' departure in marked the beginning of a year period of decline in its management. The city was experiencing economic and social changes, with some residents leaving the city and moving to the suburbs in the wake of increased crime.
The Parks Departmentsuffering from budget cuts, responded by East meadow central park the park to any and all activities that East meadow central park bring people into it, without adequate oversight and maintenance follow-up. Some of these events nevertheless became milestones in the social history of the park and in the cultural history of the city. By the mids, however, managerial neglect was taking a toll on the park's condition.
Several volunteer citizen groups emerged, intent upon reclaiming the park by fundraising and organizing volunteer initiatives. One of these groups, the Central Park Community Fund, commissioned a study of the park's management. The study's conclusion was bi-linear; it called for establishment of a single position within the New York City Parks Department, responsible for overseeing both the planning and management of Central Park, as well as a board of guardians to provide citizen oversight.
Under the leadership of the Central Park Conservancythe park's reclamation began with modest but highly significant first steps, addressing needs that could not be met within the existing structure and resources of the parks department.
Interns were hired and a small restoration staff to reconstruct and repair unique rustic features, undertaking horticultural projects, and removing graffiti under the broken windows East meadow central park. Graffiti doesn't last 24 hours in Central Park; visible litter gets carted off by 9 each morning and throughout the day.
Our workers empty trash receptacles daily at least and maintain lawns with tremendous care. Broken benches and playground equipment get fixed on the spot. Bythe Conservancy was also engaged in design efforts and long-term restoration planning, using both its own staff and external consultants.
It provided the impetus and leadership for several early restoration projects funded by the city, preparing a
East meadow central park plan for rebuilding the park. The restoration was accompanied by a crucial restructuring of management, whereby the park was subdivided into zones, to each of which a supervisor was designated, responsible for maintaining restored areas.
That year, the Dairy which was originally designed as a refreshment stand and rest spot was transformed into the park's first visitor's center, with the Conservancy using it to revitalize public interest in the park through exhibits, music series, and children's programs. The first landscape to be restored was the Sheep Meadow, primarily with funds provided by New York State. Bethesda Fountain, which had been dry for decades, was restored in —81  and the Terrace was restored a year later, its stonework disassembled, cleaned, deteriorated surfaces removed, restored, patched, and reset.
Resodding, and fifty new trees, 3, shrubs and 3, ground cover plants specified by Philip Winslow followed in most of which, having matured into dense blocks, were removed into make way for plants native to the United States. Around the same time, the Belvedere Castle, which East meadow central park been closed for many years, was renovated and reopened on May 1,as the Henry Luce Nature Observatory.
To tend to those plants, more than 1, volunteers contributed more than 4, hours of work in the park.
On completion of the planning stage in"East meadow central park" conservancy launched its first capital campaign, assuming increasing responsibility for funding the park's restoration, and full responsibility for designing, bidding, and supervising all capital projects in the park. ByConservancy volunteers logged more than 13, hours in the park, with the organization's volunteer program winning a citation for excellence from the White House.
The Conservancy's work on the Meer and the Charles A. Dana Discovery Center was subsequently honored with three awards: Inthe Conservancy embarked on its most ambitious landscape restoration: The Great Lawn project was completed infeaturing new amenities to encourage passive and active recreation as well as nature appreciation. Citywide budget cuts in the early s, however, resulted in attrition of the park's routine maintenance staff, and the conservancy began hiring staff to replace these workers.
Management of the restored landscapes the conservancy's "zone gardeners" proved so successful that core maintenance and operations staff were reorganized in The zone-based system of management was implemented throughout
East meadow central park park, which was divided into 49 zones.
Zone gardeners supervise volunteers assigned to them; these volunteers commit to a consistent work schedule and are supported by specialized crews in areas of maintenance requiring specific expertise or equipment, or more effectively conducted on a park-wide basis.
Inthere were 3, volunteers compared to just under paid workers in the park. Renovations continued through the early s. The new fence, along with removal of invasive trees and shrubs, restored the panoramic views of the park and Manhattan skyline. Another ambitious restoration effort began in Conservancy staff and contractors worked together to refurbish the 15, Minton tiles that hang on the ceiling of the Bethesda Arcade.
Originally designed by Calvert Vaux and Jacob Wrey Mouldthe ceiling of the Arcade is lined by 15, elaborately patterned encaustic tiles. 20, the Central Park Conservancy reopened the newly refurbished East Meadow, fulfilling part of their goal to restore all seven of Central Park's.
Crimes in Central Pk, Jan-Aug, show marked increase over '70; police list East Meadow and other pk areas where most crimes occur; 8-mo. At six acres, the East Meadow is neither the largest nor the most heavily used of Central Park's seven major lawns.
But its reopening on.
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Why are almost all friendzone deportees men?At six acres, the East Meadow is neither the largest nor the most heavily used of Central Park's seven major lawns. But its reopening on. The East Meadow also possesses some of the finest specimen trees in the Park; including an American Elm that is believed to be one of the original Park..
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