Medically reviewed on Mar 19, by L.
Effectiveness Advantages Common names Missed taking a pill? Safety While breastfeeding Side effects Table of common pills More resources. The birth control pill is a popular and highly effective method of birth control if taken correctly.
If you do not want to become pregnant, and if you are not likely to remember to take a pill each day, you probably should consider a longer-acting form of birth control, such as the injectionpatch List of oral contraceptive pill brands, implantvaginal ring or IUD. Birth control pills are an oral pill that a woman can take every day to prevent pregnancy. Birth control pills stop the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens the cervical mucus, which keeps sperm from fertilizing the egg.
Birth control pills come in two forms: Generally, combination birth control pills are slightly more effective than progestin-only birth control pills. All birth control pills require a prescription from a provider. Combination birth control pills are available in day packs, with 21 active tablets, or day packs with 21 active tablets, and 7 inactive tablets. Extended-cycle pills such as Seasonique contain 84 active tablets and 7 inactive tablets.
The inactive pills are included to help the woman remember when she should start a new pack of pills. The menstrual cycle occurs during the time period when the inactive pills are taken.
If the inactive pills are missed, there is no chance this would result in a pregnancy. However, it is important to start the new pack and active pills on the correct day. However, birth control pills can be affordable, depending upon health insurance coverage and generic availability. Many birth control pills are available generically and have a lower price. Check with your insurance company before getting a prescription to determine which birth control pills are on their formulary.
Again, if you have prescription drug insurance, your birth control may be free under the Affordable Care Act. Examples of combination birth control pills include: A monthly period still occurs with the traditional, combination birth control pills.
Women may also choose the extended or continuous dosing birth control pill, in which a period only occurs 4 times a years List of oral contraceptive pill brands. It is also possible to completely eliminate periods by taking only the active pills continuously every day from a combination birth control pill package, and skipping the inactive pills.
Ask your healthcare provider if this would be a good option for you. When you finish one pack of progestin-only pills, you start another pack the next day. With progestin-only pills you will either get your period in the fourth week, get no periods, or have spotting during the month. Your periods may be heavier or
List of oral contraceptive pill brands. Do not stop taking List of oral contraceptive pill brands progestin-only pills.
See other progestin-only birth control options. Any time you miss a birth control pill it is best to use a back-up method of birth control, such as a condom or diaphragm with a spermicide, or a contraceptive sponge. Your chances for getting pregnant increase depending upon when you missed your pill during your cycle. If you miss one or two combination estrogen and progestin pills, take them as soon as you remember. Take your next pill at the regular time.
This means if you miss two pills, you would take both missed pills at the same time, and then take your next pill whenever it is due. Taking two pills at once may make you feel a little sick to your stomach, but that will not last long.
Use a back up method of birth control, such as a condom, sponge or spermicide until you finish List of oral contraceptive pill brands pack, unless your healthcare provider advises otherwise. The combination estrogen and progestin pills works best if taken every day at the about the same time. The progestin-only pills mini-pills MUST be taken at the same time each day no more than 3 hours late. If you miss a pill, you will increase your chances of releasing an egg that could be fertilized, and getting pregnant.
If you miss three combination pills in a row, call your healthcare provider. You may need to stop using your current birth control pack and start a new pack while using a back up method of birth control. You could become pregnant if you miss taking your progestin-only pill mini-pill by more than 3 hours.
If you miss taking one mini-pill, take it as soon as you remember, and take the next pill at the regular time. Continue to take the remainder of the mini-pills on the regular schedule. Use a back-up method of birth control, such as a condom, sponge or spermicide for the next hours. If you are still confused about what to do if you have missed any birth control pills, use a back-up method of birth control each time you have vaginal intercourse, and take a birth control pill each day until you can talk to your health care provider.
Smoking increases the risk of serious heart side effects when using a combined estrogen and progestin birth control, including the ring or the patch. Combination estrogen and progestin birth control should NOT be used in women over 35 years of age who smoke due to an increased risk of rare but serious side effects, such as heart attack, blood clots, and stroke.
Women should talk to their healthcare professional about their individual risk profile before deciding which birth control method to use. Heart risks linked with the pill increase with:.
Let your physician know if you have migraine headaches when discussing birth control options. A male latex or female condom should be used in combination with any other form of birth control if protection against STDs is needed.
Breastfeeding mothers should avoid the estrogen in combined hormonal birth control as it may reduce milk supply. Birth control options for breastfeeding women include:.
Other warnings and side List of oral contraceptive pill brands exist for birth control pills. It is important to review the specific consumer information for the birth control of your choice and discuss any questions or concerns with your healthcare provider. Generic options of birth control pills may be available; check with your pharmacist for cost-savings.
Tell your healthcare provider about all other medications you take, including prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin and herbal supplements. Certain medications may make your birth control less effective. Be sure you have complete drug interaction review each time you start a new medication. For other options, generic and proprietary names, also see: Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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Drospirenone containing birth control pills may be associated with a higher risk for rare but serious blood clots DVT, PE than other progestin-containing pills. Drospirenone-containing birth control pills may be associated with a higher risk for rare but serious blood clots DVT, PE than other progestin-containing pills. Combination progestin and estrogen pill; some are biphasic or triphasic. List of examples of oral contraceptives of List of oral contraceptive pill brands brands.
Estrogen and Progestin (Oral Contraceptives): learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, Brand names of combination products. Progestin and estrogen content of oral contraceptives (birth control pills).
Progestin/estrogen, Brand, Progestin (mg), Estrogen (mcg), Active.
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