As of JuneBendigo had an urban population of 95,  making it the fourth largest inland city in Australia and fourth most populous city in the state.
It is the administrative centre for the City of Greater Bendigo How big is bendigo encompasses both the urban area and outlying towns spanning an area of approximately 3, square kilometres How big is bendigo, sq mi  and overpeople.
The discovery of gold in the soils of Bendigo during the s made it one of the most significant Victorian era boomtowns in Australia. News of the finds intensified the Victorian gold rush bringing an influx of migrants to the city from around the world within a year and transforming it from How big is bendigo sheep station to a major settlement in the newly proclaimed Colony of Victoria.
Once the alluvial gold had been mined out, mining companies were formed to exploit the rich underground quartz reef gold. It is also notable for its Victorian architectural heritage. The city took its name from the Bendigo Creek and its residents from the earliest days of the goldrush have been called "Bendigonians". Although the town flourished in its beginnings as a result of the discovery of gold, it experienced a reversal of fortune in the early 20th century.
However, its growth accelerated in the post-war years and has continued to increase steadily since. The original inhabitants of the Mount Alexander area that includes Greater Bendigo were the Dja Dja Wurrung Jarra people, who exploited the rich local hunting grounds.
These grounds were eventually noticed by white settlerswho established the first of many vast sheep-runs in The Mount Alexander North sheep-run was bordered by a creek that came to be known as Bendigo, after a local shepherd nicknamed for the English bare-knuckle prizefighter William Abednego "Bendigo" Thompson. Gold was discovered in the area in Septemberjust after the other significant goldfields in neighbouring Castlemaine, from where many diggers migrated, bringing the total to 40, in less than a year.
Many of these were Chinese, whose descendants are still living in the area. From being a tent-city, the boomtown grew rapidly into a major urban centre with many grand public buildings.
The municipality became a borough inofficially known as Sandhurst untilbut always unofficially as Bendigo.
The railway had reached here bystimulating rapid growth, with flour mills, woollen mills, tanneries, quarries, foundries, eucalyptus oil production, food production industries and timber-cutting.
When the alluvial gold ran out, the goldfields evolved into major mines with deep How big is bendigo to mine the quartz-based gold. Bendigo was declared a city in Rapid population growth brought a water shortage, partially solved with a new viaduct that harnessed the Coliban River.
The architect William Charles Vahland left an important mark on Bendigo during this period. He is with the popular cottage design with verandahs decorated in iron lace, a style that was soon adopted right across the state of Victoria. Vahland also designed more than 80 buildings, including the Alexandra Fountain, arguably the most prominent monument in Bendigo, with its granite dolphins, unicorns, nymphs and allegorical figures.
A tram network was use by After a temporary drop in population, there was renewed growth from the s, as the city consolidated as a manufacturing and regional service centre, though gold mining continued till Recent growth has been most heavily concentrated in areas such as Epsom, Kangaroo Flat, Strathdale and Strathfieldsaye. The population of the city increased from around 78, in to aboutin Bendigo is currently one of the fastest growing regional centres in Victoria.
The city is surrounded by components of the Greater Bendigo National Parkas well as the Bendigo Box-Ironbark Region Important Bird Areaidentified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for swift parrots and other woodland birds. Bendigo has a relatively dry temperate climate with warm to hot summers and cool to cold winters. The mean minimum temperature in January is The mean minimum temperature in July is 3. Mean maximum winter temperatures in July are Most of the city's annual rainfall of Snowfalls are virtually unknown; however frosts can be a common occurrence during the winter months.
A series of great floods occurred in Bendigo in Tornadoes have been seen around the area of Bendigo and, although
How big is bendigo, the Bendigo tornado passed through Eaglehawk and other parts of the city causing major damage to homes and businesses.
Bendigo was in severe drought from to and during this time the city had some of the harshest water restrictions in Australia, with no watering outside the household. Heavy rains from the middle to later months of filled most reservoirs to capacity and only wasteful water use e.
Bendigo was affected by the Black Saturday bushfires in A fire to the west of the city burned out hectares 1, acres. Flash floods occurred across Bendigo duringthe first in March  and the most severe at the beginning of September.
According to the census of Population, there were 92, people in Bendigo Urban Centre. The central area CBD of Bendigo consists of approximately 20 blocks of mixed use area. The main street is the Midland Highway, the section running through the CBD is also known as "Pall Mall" while the main shopping area is centred around Hargreaves Mall. Bendigo has several suburbs some of which such as Eaglehawk were once independent satellite townships and many which extend into the surrounding bushland.
As a legacy of the gold boom Bendigo has "How big is bendigo" ornate buildings built in a late Victorian colonial style. The architect Vahland encouraged European artisans to emigrate to the Sandhurst goldfields and so create a "Vienna of the south". main building was completed between and and the spire between and Fortuna Villa is a large surviving Victorian mansion, built for Christopher Ballerstedt and later owned by George Lansell.
Many other examples of Bendigo's classical architecture rank amongst the How big is bendigo classical commercial buildings in Australia and include the Colonial Bank building and the former Masonic Hall —74 which is now a performing arts centre. Bendigo's Joss housea historic temple, was built in the s by Chinese miners and is the only surviving building of its kind in regional Victoria which continues to be used as a place of worship. The Queen Elizabeth Oval still retains its ornate grandstand.
The central city is skirted by Rosalind Parka Victorian-style garden featuring statuary and a large blue stone viaduct.
The main entrance corner of the park is on the intersection known as Charing Cross, formerly the intersection of two main tram lines now only one. It features a large statue of Queen Victoria. The Charing Cross road junction features the large ornate Alexandra Fountain and is built How big is bendigo top of a wide bridge How big is bendigo spans the viaduct.
The park elevates toward Camp Hillwhich features a historic school and former mine poppet head. Further from the city is Lake Weeroonaa large ornamental lake adjacent How big is bendigo the Bendigo Botanical Gardens, which opened in The gardens are home to many native species of animal including brushtailed and ring-tailed possums, ducks, coots, purple swamphens, microbats small insect eating bats the grey-headed flying fox, several species of lizard, owls and the tawny frogmouth.
The Bendigo Art Gallery is one of Australia's oldest and largest regional art galleries. In Marchit hosted a royal visit from Princess Charlene of Monaco at the opening of an exhibition about Grace Kelly.
The Capital Theatre, originally the Masonic temple, is located next to the art gallery in View Street and hosts performing arts and live music.
It also hosts the annual Bendigo Writers Festival, founded inwhich runs across the second weekend in August each year. The Ulumbarra Theatre  was opened on April 16, The renovated theatre retains some original architectural features of the gaol. It also acts as a ceremonial and teaching space for local secondary schools and universities. It is regarded [ by whom? The city hosts the Victorian event of the annual Groovin' the Moo music festival.
It is held at the Bendigo Showgrounds and is usually held in late April or early May. The festival regularly sells out and brings many big Australian and international acts to the city. It also attracts thousands of people from around Victoria to the city for the weekend. With over 80 "How big is bendigo" from all over Australia, the not-for-profit festival is hosted in many of the venues around Bendigo, and is headlined by a large family-friendly free concert held in Rosalind Park.
The Bendigo Easter Festival is held each year and attracts tens of thousands of tourists to the city over the Easter long weekend. Attractions include parades, exhibitions and a street carnival. The Festival of Light is a multicultural celebration of peace and harmony inspired by the Buddha's birthday held in May each year since at the Great Stupa. The festival's program includes dancing and musical acts followed by a fireworks display at night.
Bendigo is served by two newspapers: There are also eight locally based radio stations; Prime Television maintains a sales office in Bendigo.
On 5 Mayanalogue television transmissions ceased in most "How big is bendigo" of regional Victoria and some border regions including Bendigo and surrounding areas.
All local free-to-air television services are now being broadcast in digital transmission only. This was done as part of the federal government's plan for digital terrestrial television in Australiawhere all analogue television transmission is being gradually switched off and replaced with How big is bendigo transmission. There are several live music venues with local independent bands and artists performing on a regular basis.
Cricket and Australian rules football are the most popular sports in Bendigo. The Bendigo and District Cricket Association is the controlling body for 10 senior cricket clubs within the Bendigo area. The Emu Valley Cricket Association organises matches for 13 clubs around the Bendigo district, from Marong in the north to Heathcote is the south. The Bendigo region is also home to the historic Bendigo Football Leaguea strong local Australian rules competition.
The Bendigo Cup is a prominent horse racing event. The stadium hosted basketball games during the Commonwealth Games.
Bendigo's men's team is called the Bendigo Braves and the women's team is called Bendigo Spirit. In both and the women's team won the Women's National Basketball League championship.
Bendigo was the host to the second Commonwealth Youth Gamesheld from 30 November to 3 December Bendigo is a large and growing service economy. The major industries are tourism, commerce, education and primary industries, with some significant engineering industries see below under "Manufacturing".
Bendigo's growth largely at the expense of small surrounding rural towns such as ElmoreRochesterInglewoodDunolly and Bridgewater which in How big is bendigo are in steep decline. The main retail centre of Bendigo is the central business district, with the suburbs of Eaglehawk, Kangaroo Flat, Golden Square, Strathdale and Epsom also having shopping districts.
The city is the home of the headquarters of the Bendigo Bank ; established in as a building society.
It is now a large retail bank with community bank branches throughout Australia. The interim results of Bendigo and Adelaide Bank Ltd (ASX: BEN) stands in contrast to those of the Big Banks as the second-tier lender has. Now known for its merino, vineyards and historic reserves, Bendigo began in the early s after the discovery of gold in Central Otago led How big is bendigo a region-wide.
The City of Bendigo was a local government area covering the central area and inner western suburbs of the regional city of Bendigo, Victoria, Australia. The city .